Family says siblings with same rare birth defect like being 'struck twice by lightning'


When Christa and Rob Ellis welcomed their fourth child into the world, they were astounded to see a small ridge along their son’s forehead. A similar ridge was found on their oldest daughter’s forehead when she was born, a sign that she had a rare genetic condition called metopic craniosynostosis.

The condition is characterized by a fusing of the front part of the skull along the forehead. Without treatment the fused skull can result in brain damage as the child grows. The brain can be compressed or be put under increased pressure if the skull does not expand.

While other versions of craniosynostosis, where different parts of the skull are fused, can be due to genetic mutations shared by a family, in this case the condition happens spontaneously meaning it is was not more likely to occur in a single family.

PHOTO: The youngest member of the Ellis Family, Stan Ellis.Megan Schneiber
The youngest member of the Ellis Family, Stan Ellis.

“It’s like getting struck by lightning – twice,” Ellis said in a statement released by Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital.

The couple’s oldest daughter Savannah was born with the condition in 2011. It is estimated to occur 1 in 2,000 births, according to Dr. Matthew Greives, pediatric craniofacial surgeon at Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital and University of Texas Health.

“There’s been case reports of one or two twins having it or siblings,” Greives told ABC News. But “it’s rare enough that single instance [of siblings] like this is reportable in the literature.”

She underwent surgery at 7 months to completely reshape her forehead. It was a daunting surgery called “cranial vault remodeling” that required surgeons to essentially break and reform the skull over seven hours.

“It’s pretty gruesome,” Ellis told ABC News of her daughter’s surgery. While the surgery was a success, it took a toll on the tiny patient.

“It took 6 to 8 weeks before I felt like until she was back to her happy self,” said Ellis. “She’d wake up with night terrors…and the surgeon said that it was pretty common.”

With Savannah and her twin sister Lily now 5, the Ellis family thought they were mostly done dealing with the rare disorder. But when Ellis and her husband saw their youngest child Stanley, she said they instantly knew something was wrong.

“It was hard in the delivery room just kind of feeling that weight settle on me, saying I know this journey,” she said.

Ellis said she and her husband reached out to the specialists almost immediately at Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital confirm the diagnosis. She worked with Greives and was surprised to discover there was another slightly less invasive option for Stanley.

The doctors could use endoscopic tools and a helmet to reform the infant’s skull.

“Before they’re 5 months old the bone is still soft enough they can do the endoscopic surgery,” said Ellis.

Greives explained they are able to separate the skull using tools that require only small incisions. They are able to separate the skull where it was naturally supposed to separate without going through the full procedure that older children are put through. As the bone begins to take shape and harden, the infant wears a helmet to help the skull keep the correct shape. It’s a far less invasive surgery than the one Savannah went through.

Ellis said the second time she had a child have their forehead reshaped it was far easier. Rather than an hours-long surgery, the new procedure can take under an hour. Ellis said Stanley only had to be in the hospital for about one day after his surgery and quickly bounced back.

“The following day he didn’t need any pain medication at all…that was a much better experience for us,” she said.

Now 5 months after the surgery, Stanley is almost done with his treatment to reshape his skull with helmets. Both he and his sister will be monitored carefully by Grieves and their other doctors to ensure there is enough room for their growing brains.

The family is also taking part as research subjects so doctors can better understand how and why this condition develops in a fetus.

“It’s so rare they don’t even have the statistics,” said Christa Ellis. “It’s like well, ‘Congratulations you’re one in a million,’ This is not the prize I want to be winning.'”



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US targets North Korea’s online gambling operations


us-targets-north-korea-online-gambling-sitesNorth Korea is seeking international investors to back a floating casino operation just as US legislators vow to clamp down on the regime’s online gambling operations.

On Thursday, South Korean media reported that a North Korean website was inviting foreign investors to bet on a proposed cruise ship venture that would ferry customers from the port of Kosong to Russia’s far east and other southeast Asian destinations. The ship would feature “various amenities” including “a casino business.”

North Korea used to have such a casino cruise business, but the South Korean company that operated the 30k-tonne ferry halted operations after a North Korean soldier killed a South Korean tourist visiting North Korea’s Mr. Kumgang special international tourism zone in 2008.

North Korea says investors should be willing to plunge between US$10m and $20m into the cruise business over the next decade. To sweeten its pitch, North Korea says the business will be “guaranteed favorable conditions for economic activities.”

North Korea’s chances of finding deep-pocketed investors are slim, given the country’s perpetual threats to rain down nuclear weapons on its regional neighbors and the United States. The civilized world has responded by imposing harsh financial sanctions against the diplomatically isolated North Korean regime, leaving it starving for hard currency.

North Korea’s recent announcement that it had successfully tested new long-range missile technology prompted the US House Foreign Affairs Committee to propose even tighter restrictions on doing business with the Hermit Kingdom, including targeting the regime’s online gambling operations, which are said to earn over $860m per year.

The new Korea Interdiction and Modernization of Sanctions Act calls for penalties for any individual or organization that “knowingly, directly or indirectly, engaged in, facilitated, or was responsible for the online commercial activities of the Government of North Korea, including online gambling.”

North Korea’s online gambling operations recently made headlines after one of the suspect’s in last month’s assassination of Dear Leader Kim Jong-Un’s casino-loving half-brother in Malaysia was said to have originally arrived in the country to operate online gambling and pornography sites.

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How food fads and diet trends fare for heart health


Every year Americans adopt new diet trends, from the juicing craze to gluten-free diets, and each new fad promises health benefits such as weight loss and higher energy.

But, as specific diets become more popular, doctors wanted to assess whether they would help the one part of the body that carries the most risk for both men and women in the U.S.: the heart.

In order to get a better sense of which diets were the most heart healthy, researchers examined more than 25 peer-reviewed studies and published their findings today in a new report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

“There is sort of mass confusion about what foods are healthy or not healthy,” lead study author Dr. Andrew Freeman, Director of Cardiovascular Prevention and Wellness at National Jewish Health in Denver, Colorado, told ABC News.

“When you take the time to weigh through the data and the evidence it becomes clear,” he continued. “Human beings haven’t changed all that much in the last many, many years.”

Researchers from 12 institutions, including George Washington University School of Medicine and National Jewish Health, analyzed the studies —- which together included tens of thousands of participants –- in order to determine what types of foods appear, given currently available research, to help the heart.

After an in-depth review of the scientific data, researchers found the most heart-healthy diet includes foods like extra-virgin olive oil, antioxidant-rich berries, green leafy vegetables, plant-based proteins, nuts in moderation and can include lean meats. To cut down on cholesterol, the study authors suggest limiting or eliminating coconut and palm oils, which are high in saturated fatty acids, and eggs, which raise the level of cholesterol in the bloodstream.

“Dietary requirements haven’t really changed,” Freeman continued. “The diet that is most cardioprotective is mostly plant based … predominantly fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and limited amounts of animal products if any.”

However, Dr. Keith Ayoob, Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, who was not involved in the studies, says that diet issues are rarely so black and white and that doctors need to approach each patient’s diet in a more holistic manner.

“When you’re talking about dietary cholesterol, sometimes I get more concerned with the companion foods. What kind of company are those eggs keeping?” Ayoob said. “Do you eat them plain boiled, fried in butter, cooked with olive oil?”

Simply relying on advice like eating in moderation is too vague, Ayoob added, and can mean different things for different people. He said patients should be given more guidance about exactly how to eat healthy.

“I think the idea of moderation is more of a mantra,” Ayoob said. “But I think we would do well to define it a little bit better.”

In addition to looking at the benefits of specific foods, researchers looked for evidence that recent popular diets to limit gluten or consume vegetables and fruits via juicing were heart healthy. Researchers found that the process of juicing fruits and vegetables with pulp removal actually concentrates the sugars more, making it easier to ingest more calories than needed. Adding sweeteners such as sugar or honey also increase caloric content of juices. The researchers found that the data regarding juicing where the pulp is retained is inconclusive for determining whether it provides harm or benefit for heart health.

“There are things that you’re going to have in the whole fruit that you can’t get into the juice,” said Ayoob. “Also the other side is to remember that your gut is a great juicer, it just works more slowly. Let your teeth and digestive tract do what it’s supposed to do. And the fiber in fruits and vegetables is critical to a healthy diet.”

Another trendy diet that was evaluated is a gluten-free diet, which has been proven to be a good treatment for patients who have gluten-related disorders such as celiac disease, wheat allergy, and nonceliac gluten sensitivity.

But only about 1 in 141 Americans have celiac disease, according to the National Institutes of Health. However, according to a Gallup poll in 2015, one in five Americans actively tries to avoid gluten in their diets. Researchers say there is no evidence that a gluten-free diet helps with weight loss in healthy individuals and some studies even show weight gain on a gluten-free diet. Gaining weight to the point of obesity is significantly associated with increased risk of heart disease.

“Our message here is if you are gluten sensitive, allergic, or have celiac disease, you should avoid gluten,” says Freeman. “Otherwise gluten is not necessarily the enemy.”

The studies reviewed in the analysis published today have a few limitations: Some of the foods and trends have not been studied over as long a time as others, there can be a “complex interplay” between nutrients in individuals and the lifestyle habits of the people included may have had some effect on their heart health.

For those searching for a heart-healthy diet, Freeman has some simple advice.

“If people want to eat animal products they should limit it as much as they’re willing, especially if they have risk factors for heart disease,” he said. “For my patients I try to get them to go as low as they’re willing.”

Ayoob agrees with increasing fruit and vegetable intake in the general population, but cautions against telling people to strictly eliminate certain foods from their diets. “Because a diet, no matter how nutritious,” he says, “is only nutritious if people stay on it.”

Dr. Joyce Park is a New York-based dermatologist at NYU Langone Medical Center and resident in the ABC News Medical Unit.



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Cyprus doles out more online sports betting licenses


betfair-cyprus-online-sports-betting-licenseGaming regulators in the Republic of Cyprus continue their slow rollout of online sports betting licenses nearly six months after imposing their new online regulatory scheme last November.

On Monday, the National Betting Authority (NBA) confirmed the issuance of two new official online betting licenses to Paddy Power Betfair’s Betfair brand and to Meridian Gaming (CY) Ltd, which operates via the Meridianbet.com.cy domain in Cyprus.

The two licensees join UK online betting mainstays Bet365’s Cyprus subsidiary, as well as Bet On Alfa Ltd and Gambling Malta Ltd’s Stoiximan brand, as the only other operators currently granted full authorization by the NBA to offer online betting services to Cypriot punters.

The NBA issued eight transitional online betting licenses last November to companies including GVC Holdings’ betting brand Sportingbet and the Tain-powered Winmasters brand. That move followed just one month after the NBA began accepting applications for the new online licenses.

At the same time, the NBA announced that it was blocking around 2,500 gambling domains that had yet to be granted approval to operate locally. Most of these domains featured online casino and poker betting, which remain expressly forbidden under the country’s 2012 gambling legislation.

Under the new licensing regime, approved online sports betting operators pay an effective tax of 13% of gaming revenue – 10% in direct tax, plus 2% to Cypriot sporting bodies and a further 1% to fund responsible gambling initiatives. Licensees also pay annual fees of €30k, although the NBA offers a two-year license for €45k. Operators must also demonstrate guaranteed capital reserves of €500k to be considered worthy of licensing.

The NBA has yet to issue a license to the local operations of Greek betting and lottery operator OPAP, reflecting the current frosty relationship between OPAP and the Cypriot government. Earlier this month, the Cypriot attorney general ordered a police investigation into OPAP’s local operations after the company refused to turn over its financial records so the government could see if it was being screwed over as badly as it suspects.

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Pariplay Ltd. partners with Betsson.com


Swedish iGaming brand integrates Pariplay’s online casino slots portfolio

March 2017 – Pariplay Ltd., a gaming technology company serving iGaming operators, land-based casinos and iLotteries, has announced a content partnership with Betsson.com, the Stockholm, Sweden-headquartered iGaming brand operated by Betsson Group. Under the agreement, Pariplay’s suite of branded and original video slots has integrated with Betsson.com’s online casino offering.

Pariplay Ltd. partners with Betsson.comLicensed by the Malta Gaming Authority, the Government of Gibraltar, and the Alderney Gaming Control Commission, Betsson.com provides players with sports-betting, online casino, poker and bingo games in 18 languages, including English, Swedish, Norwegian, French, Spanish and Turkish. Complementing its core sports-betting offering, Betsson.com’s online casino, which features over 400 video slots, allows the brand to acquire a diverse range of customer demographics and engage its existing player database.

Betsson.com’s content partnership with Pariplay is part of the brand’s ongoing commitment to provide players with a constantly evolving selection of high-quality casino games developed by software providers. The Pariplay-developed video slots now available at Betsson’s online casino include new title Atari Asteroids®, released earlier in Q1 2017, as well as Atari Star Raiders®, Atari Black Widow®, and The Three Stooges®.

Original Pariplay video slot titles now featuring in Betsson.com’s online casino include Las Cucas Locas, Fish & Chips, The Magical Forest, Rio Bingo, and Fur Ball among others.

The content partnership has been enabled through Pariplay’s strategic partnership with iSoftBet, an existing Betsson.com software partner. Pariplay and iSoftBet, the London-based online and mobile casino software provider, distribute each other’s content through their content aggregator networks, respectively, FUSION and Game Aggregation Platform.

Pariplay is preparing to release the Valiant Comics-branded video slot Bloodshot® and Sharknado® as well as various original titles later in H1 2017. Once released, these will integrate with Betsson.com.

“We’re delighted to see our slots portfolio offered to players at Betsson.com, a globally-recognized gaming brand,” said Adrian Bailey, General Manager at Pariplay Ltd. “As we bring new games to market in 2017 and beyond, we look forward to our content having a growing impact on the brand’s player acquisition and retention.”

For more information on Pariplay’s partnerships with Betsson and iSoftBet, please contact Pariplay.

About Pariplay Ltd. 

Pariplay Limited is a leading provider of Internet Gaming Systems offering state of the art in-house developed gaming platforms and Internet games as well as integrated third party games from leading industry companies. Founded in 2010 our team has over 40 gaming experts built to support our customers’ requirements in a dynamic and competitive environment.

The company is licensed and regulated by the Isle of Man Gambling Supervision Commission. Following an extensive licensing process Pariplay is now also approved by the Gambling Commission to offer its products in the UK. Our Gaming Systems, RNG and all of our games are certified and tested by GLI (Gaming Laboratories International) and Australia-based iTechLab, both of whom are the industry standard for online gaming testing and certification.

As a business-to-business provider of games of skill and chance, Pariplay fully understand the importance of responsible gaming and as such has implemented policies and tools within its systems and games to provide industry-leading entertainment in a socially responsible fashion. The system combines identity verification with age verification and Geo-Location services to determine whether an individual meets the minimum age requirement and is playing within a specific territory. We have implemented various responsible gaming tools and mechanics to meet different regulatory standards and have provided players with a sophisticated self-exclusion tool that offers them an easy way to manage their gaming habits. In addition to all of the above Pariplay works with GamCare, a leading provider of information, advice, support and free counselling for the prevention and treatment of problem gambling.

At present, Pariplay provides its systems and games to customers in Europe, North America and Africa. Among these customers are state and private lotteries, online gaming operators like 888 and land based tribal casinos in the USA.

Contact Information

Gili Lisani

Founder and CEO

Pariplay Ltd.

Tel.: +972 73 2060189

Email: gili@pariplayltd.com

Website: www.pariplayltd.com

LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/pariplay-limited

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National Women’s History Month: We’ve Come a Long Way



By Grace Wampold, 17, Staff Writer


March 15, 2017

March is Women’s History Month—a time to remember that the rights we exercise today are the product of our very slow evolution toward gender equality. From Susan B. Anthony to Audre Lorde, most of us have a list of strong women in history that come to mind. These activists fought to give women a voice and things like the right to vote in the U.S.

It was not that long ago that women were expected to wear only dresses and keep silent. They were told what their role in society should be and what to do with their bodies and sexuality. Sex was never discussed with girls unless it related to pregnancy or the pleasure of a man. Having the power to decide how many kids you want, what you expect from your partner and what you want out of a relationship is just as important as having the right to vote and an opportunity to influence public policy.

Today, I have the right to explore my sexuality and understand my own desires out of life rather than have a path chosen for me. I can wear pants to school or “pants” in a relationship, if that’s what I feel comfortable doing. Let’s hear it for women, all types of women, because this month is for you. May we be inspired to continue to work toward a world where all people are treated fairly and with respect, regardless of their gender.



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PAGCOR chair Andrea Domingo to keynote inaugural ASEAN Gaming Summit


There’s no denying that the Philippines’ thriving gambling industry has seen a lot of changes in the last couple of months.

The local gambling industry has flourished in the past decade, especially the casino sector, which investment bank Credit Suisse forecasts to generate gaming revenue of $6 billion by 2018—making the country one of the top four players in the world. The growth can be partly credited to President Benigno Aquino III’s administration that has worked hard to support the casino industry, which it regards as critical to the economy.

PAGCOR chair Andrea Domingo to keynote inaugural ASEAN Gaming Summit2016 saw the country elect a new president, and it’s someone who’s not from Aquino’s party. Before he won—by a landslide, no less—Rodrigo Duterte got a thumbs down from industry executives because he tends to flip-flop on issues related to gambling.

True to Duterte’s campaign promise, change did happen across all sectors. The gambling industry saw a purge following the new president’s “online gambling must stop” missive, while state regulator Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) started looking into the activities of the special freeport zones that license Asian-facing online gambling companies.

Since then, the regulator has issued 35 licenses under its Philippine Offshore Gambling Operator (POGO) program as part of its mandate to “operate, authorize and license games of chance, games of cards and games of numbers” in the country.

Now, PAGCOR is in the process of transitioning from its dual role as both regulator and operator of land-based casinos to a purely regulatory function. Its 11 casinos, which operate under the Casino Filipino brand, as well as its eight VIP slot machine clubs and three slots arcades, are expected to be fully privatized by Q3 2017.

What is on the horizon for gambling in the Philippines?

Next week, PAGCOR chair Andrea Domingo will take the stage at the inaugural ASEAN Gaming Summit to discuss the future of land-based electronic gaming and online regulation in the country.

Aside from Domingo, 40 speakers from land-based gaming and 32 speakers from online gambling will talk about the successes and challenges that operators in the Southeast Asian region are facing today.

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Stress hormone linked to persistent obesity, study finds


People with long term stress may be more likely to be obese, according to a recent study by scientists at the University College London, and the telltale signs can be found in strands of hair.

The paper published today in the journal Obesity found that people who have a higher level of the stress hormone cortisol, which affect’s the body’s metabolism and how it distributes fat, over a long period of time may be more likely to be obese. Their levels of cortisol were measured through hair samples.

This study is part of growing body of evidence linking stress and excess weight gain, including obesity, which is linked to higher risk for heart disease and cancers, according to the World Health Organization.

“We don’t know what is the true relationship between stress and obesity,” Sarah Jackson, a research associate at the Institute of Epidemiology & Health at the University College of London. “We know there’s a relationship there but we don’t know if it’s stress causing obesity or obesity causing stress.”

To better understand the long-term relationship between weight and stress over time, researchers looked at information from multiple 4-year periods starting in 2002. They compiled data on cortisol and body measurements from 2,527 men and women between the ages of 54 and 87 who were participating in the English Longitudinal Study on Ageing.

Cortisol levels were examined in study participants’ hair at 2 time points, 4 years apart to determine the relationship between persistent obesity and hair cortisol levels.

Researchers cut a lock of hair from each participant as close to the scalp as possible. Hair grows approximately 1 cm a month and 2 cm of hair was obtained to represent two months of time. Measurements of hair cortisol levels, as well as body height, weight, and waist circumference were taken to determine obesity trends over time.

Scientists found those who had higher hair cortisol levels had a tendency to be larger and weigh more. In general, they also had the largest waists, were the heaviest in weight and had the highest body mass indexes (BMI).

Those considered to be obese or having a waist greater than 44 inches in men or 34.5 inches in women had the highest levels of stress hormone compared to other subjects.

The study authors acknowledge that the findings are preliminary and a vast majority of the subjects studied so far, 98 percent, where white and British. The data were also from people older than 50 and from only the most recent assessments since tests for hair cortisol have been established.

While preliminary, Jackson said the findings may help encourage people to take steps to diminish stress in their life.

“Just try to be aware of lifestyle at times of stress,” said Jackson. “Really we need to have people get up and be active.”

She added that finding constructive ways to handle stress could also help mitigate the body’s response to it.

“It could be good to reduce their exposure to stress or finding coping situations to stress, to be able to manage it more effectively.”

The study findings do not prove that stress causes obesity, but do add to past evidence that they are linked, according to Dr. David Katz, director of Yale University Prevention Research Center.

“We have long had a large body of evidence implicating chronic stress and its hormonal effects with elevated body fat,” said Katz. “So the association is certainly plausible.”

Katz said there continues to be a tremendous amount of evidence that chronic stress is a serious factor in determining overall health, adding that the closely associated hormone, cortisol, “contributes to adipose tissue gain and obesity in particular.”

“From the weight of evidence, it is rather clear that chronic stress is both bad for health in general,” Katz said, “and due in part to effects on cortisol.”

Dr. RAJIV BAHL is a Chief Resident Physician of Emergency Medicine at the University of Toledo Medical Center and a medical resident in the ABC News Medical Unit.

ABC News’ Gillian Mohney contributed to this report.



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LGBTQ TV—a Great Escape



By Gillian Hatcher, 18, Staff Writer


March 10, 2017

What’s going on in the world has many people feeling afraid, stressed out, overwhelmed and just all around not good. I for one am not immune to those feelings. One thing that I find a lot of comfort in during hard times is TV shows. I look to them to escape reality for a while and to enter a seemingly easier world where problems can be cleared up at the end of an episode or a season. Personally, as a queer woman, I like to watch very LGBTQ+ positive shows, and I have complied a list of the best ones I have come across in my travels.

Sense8

Since its release, this Netflix sci-fi series has gotten both viewer and critical acclaim, and I think it’s well deserved. Sense8 is the story of eight strangers who realize that they are all mysteriously connected after each experiencing the same vision. The characters are all from different backgrounds and parts of the world and are diverse in race, sexual orientation and gender. To top it all off, the show was written by the Wachowski sisters, who are both transwomen. You can watch season one plus their Christmas special on Netflix now.

Take My Wife

This sitcom is about the lives of real-life married couple and comedians Carmen Esposito and Rhea Butcher. The show is a dramatized version of things that actually happened to them as they work their way to becoming famous comedians. I love and recommend this show because it feels like any old sitcom you would watch. Carmen and Rhea deal with money troubles, finding jobs, relationships and all the normal sitcom stuff, but there is a fresh take on it since they are a lesbian couple. It is also wonderful to see a lesbian couple portrayed like, well, a normal couple in a TV show. Oh, and it’s pretty funny too. Take My Wife season one is available on Amazon.

Yuri!!! on Ice

This anime series is so good that someone like me, who doesn’t watch anime, fell in love with it. It’s about a young Japanese figure skater, Yuri Katsuki, who isn’t doing so well professionally until his idol (Victor Nikiforov, the world’s top figure skater) shows up one day and offers to be his coach. This show portrays a loving gay relationship flourishing in an environment free of hate. The creator, Mitsurō Kubo, has stated that the world she created has no hate in it and that everyone is supportive of different sexual orientations. With loveable characters, a great plot and even an adorable dog, there is nothing to not love about Yuri!!! on Ice. I highly recommend it. Season one is available on Crunchyroll.

I’ve always been someone who used TV shows to escape, and I find the most comfort in the worlds that shows like Sense8, Take My Wife, and Yuri!!! on Ice create—worlds that are so full of diversity and celebrate that diversity. Maybe it’s just the dreamer in me that likes to watch these shows because I think that one day we could have that kind of world and that with a lot of work and love we could all celebrate the diversity that makes this world what it is. Even if it’s not like that now, for the next thirty minutes while I watch Yuri skate, it is.



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Valery Bollier: DFS paving the way for social business model


In this interview with CalvinAyre.com’s Becky Liggero, Valery Bollier of Oulala explains why the iGaming industry needs to adapt more of a social business model.

Many gambling operators have tried to optimize their business model in order to cope with the demand of the new generation of players. Unlike the players from the baby boomer generation, millennials tend to be more social and thus prefer games that enables them to interact with other players.

Valery Bollier of Oulala Games said that the iGaming industry needs to adapt more to a social business model if they really want to corner the millennial market.

“Simply because this is what exactly the new generation is expecting. They have been raised playing video games that are of course skilled but are also socials. And it might not be very nice to hear for people that are not doing those types of games for years and have very optimized business model. But it is simply what’s young generation are expecting,” Bollier told CalvinAyre.com. “Playing against the house is boring, and then you don’t like the house, because whenever you lose against the house, the house will take your money. Horrible. You don’t want this. You want to play in the marketplace with friends and the best you going take the money.”

Bollier cited the case of the growing popularity of daily fantasy sports (DFS), which he said is paving the way in the shift toward the social business model.

Unlike other games like the online poker and casino, Bollier pointed out that the DFS was the first game offered to the iGaming sector that is structurally a skilled game and a social game.

“This makes a big difference because now you will see a lot of people that will try to transform the game like casino for example or even poker that are not social games and they will gamify it, and they will try to transform this into social game. It’s going to be very difficult for them because structurally, they are not social games,” Bolier said.  “You need to invent games that are really social and dfs are social games. It’s a game where you basically create a team with your friends and you play against them. Money is not everything. Money is just the ability to prove to your friends and you know, tease them, brag to them because you took their money.”

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