Microsoft founder Bill Gates recently talked about two separate meetings he’d had with President Donald Trump during which the president asked Mr. Gates what the difference was between HPV and HIV. This is something that someone like President Trump—a 72-year-old man (who also happens to be a husband and parent)—should know. In fact, this is something we all should know.
HPV and HIV are both STDs. Both have H in their names, and both have V in their names because they’re both viruses. But that’s where the similarities end.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a super common STD. It can be passed from skin-to-skin contact or oral, vaginal or anal sex with someone who has the virus. A person might not even know they have HPV; most HPV infections clear up on their own with no adverse effects. However, in some cases, HPV can cause warts around the mouth, anus and genitals. And some strains can lead to cervical cancer in women and penile and anal cancer in men. There is a vaccine available, and while condoms and dental dams do not completely prevent HPV, they can lower chances of infection.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is less common than HPV. It can be transmitted when a mucous membrane (like the mouth, vagina or rectum) comes into contact with fluids (such as semen, vaginal fluids or blood) from someone with the virus. HIV weakens the immune system, and there is no vaccine or cure. But there are medications that reduce the amount of the virus in a person’s bodily fluids, which helps them live a longer, healthier life and reduces the chances of the virus being passed on to a partner. Without treatment, HIV can weaken the immune system and lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Condoms are very effective at preventing the sexual transmission of HIV when used correctly.
People who are engaging in sexual behaviors should get tested regularly for STDs. Girls do not need to get Pap tests, which screen for abnormal cervical cells caused by HPV, until they are 21.
You’re hopefully a lot more informed about the difference between HPV and HIV. Ideally, this is information we would all be learning in comprehensive sex education classes. But the irony is that President Trump, who isn’t clear about the difference between HPV and HIV, is heading up an administration that is threatening to cut funding for sex education. Let’s keep speaking up for better sex education, so no one ever has to wonder what the difference is between HPV and HIV.
There is stigma connected to receiving analyzed for sexually transmitted condition (STDs) that tends to steer numerous men and women, in particular teens, absent from viewing the clinic. Some of the queries jogging via a frightened person’s head may possibly array from “Will it damage?” to “How a lot will this charge me?” to “What if my mom and dad uncover out?!” These queries and fears may possibly avert teenagers from likely to the clinic when they uncover out their companion has an STD and now they probably have it, as well.
This community health worry has sparked a new apply in health care named expedited companion remedy (EPT), which lets a health care provider to treat a patient and their sexual associates devoid of owning bodily examined the patient’s companion(s). The moment a patient has analyzed optimistic for a particular STD, their health care provider is allowed to prescribe treatment method for the patient as very well as their unexamined companion. (In some states, health care vendors can supply treatment method for up to five associates!) So who pays for the treatment method? Some states deal with the prices of the treatment method, so people and their associates don’t have to fork out nearly anything, and most clinics supply decreased-price expert services.
EPT is needed by law in some states, whilst other states are ambiguous, but only in a handful is it not allowed. In states that mandate EPT, the plan has substantially decreased the selection of gonorrhea and chlamydia instances. Hopefully, it will stimulate men and women to have much more open communication in interactions about receiving analyzed and handled for STDs. Even so, despite EPT’s usefulness and privacy, it is still much more efficient for any teenager that has unprotected sexual intercourse or is aware of that their companion has an STD, to find tests and treatment method in particular person.
December 1st is Earth AIDS Day. This is a time when we can mirror on what we now know about HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) and what this indicates for avoidance and cure.
The AIDS epidemic commenced in 1981 when five homosexual American men ended up reported to have lung bacterial infections brought on by weakened immune methods. Nowadays we know that HIV is a virus that weakens the immune method, and when someone’s immune method is poorly ruined by an HIV an infection this man or woman might be identified with AIDS, the last stage of an HIV an infection. HIV does not discriminate by race, faith, gender or sexual orientation. There is an entire Wikipedia web site focused to discrediting theories professing that HIV was brought on by a “gay lifestyle” or that the virus is component of a governing administration bioweapons program. The only rationalization for these kinds of preposterous theories is that at the time people today ended up afraid of HIV and arrived up with all kinds of tips to clarify it. Panic and stigma held countless numbers from trying to find cure and meant that people today who ended up ill ended up not supported.
Nowadays, being identified with HIV is not a demise sentence. Current cure is so sophisticated that the volume of HIV observed in an HIV-positive person’s blood might get to undetectable stages inside six months. Although modern day cure performs exceptionally properly, people today nevertheless fail to get examined or seek out cure mainly because all those outdated stereotypes commenced in the eighties are nevertheless so stigmatizing. But this can alter. Spread the term and not stigma and panic. Remain open-minded and understand what it indicates to apply safer sex and be examined, taken care of and stay with an incurable STD, like HIV. By actively studying about STDs—not just the scary statistics—we can better treatment for ourselves and all those dwelling with HIV.
For a lot more details on Earth AIDS Day and how to protect against HIV/AIDS, examine out AIDS.gov.
December 1st is Globe AIDS Day. This is a time when we can replicate on what we now know about HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (obtained immune deficiency syndrome) and what this implies for avoidance and procedure.
The AIDS epidemic started in 1981 when 5 gay American men have been claimed to have lung infections triggered by weakened immune devices. Now we know that HIV is a virus that weakens the immune procedure, and when someone’s immune procedure is terribly ruined by an HIV an infection this particular person may possibly be identified with AIDS, the closing phase of an HIV an infection. HIV does not discriminate by race, faith, gender or sexual orientation. There is an overall Wikipedia webpage focused to discrediting theories declaring that HIV was triggered by a “gay lifestyle” or that the virus is aspect of a govt bioweapons program. The only clarification for such absurd theories is that at the time people have been frightened of HIV and arrived up with all kinds of concepts to reveal it. Concern and stigma retained hundreds from seeking procedure and intended that people who have been ill have been not supported.
Now, remaining identified with HIV is not a loss of life sentence. Present procedure is so innovative that the sum of HIV observed in an HIV-good person’s blood may possibly attain undetectable amounts inside of six months. However present day procedure is effective very well, people continue to are unsuccessful to get examined or request procedure for the reason that people aged stereotypes started in the 1980s are continue to so stigmatizing. But this can alter. Unfold the word and not stigma and concern. Continue to be open up-minded and learn what it implies to practice safer intercourse and be examined, taken care of and stay with an incurable STD, like HIV. By actively learning about STDs—not just the scary statistics—we can better care for ourselves and people living with HIV.
For a lot more info on Globe AIDS Day and how to stop HIV/AIDS, test out AIDS.gov.
Every single calendar year, December 1st marks Entire world AIDS Working day. On this day, we remember people who have misplaced their lives fighting HIV/AIDS and we support increase recognition. AIDS or acquired immune deficiency syndrome is prompted by HIV or human immunodeficiency virus, which considerably weakens a person’s immune procedure and the capability to struggle off infection. HIV can be unfold through an contaminated person’s semen, vaginal fluids, blood and breast milk.
Considering the fact that 2011, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) strategy has been “Getting to Zero,” with a aim on lowering new HIV bacterial infections, AIDS-similar deaths and discrimination versus people dwelling with HIV/AIDS. There is at this time no treatment for AIDS, but numerous advancements in medical treatment method have been made because the first situations were being documented in 1981. Folks with HIV or AIDS can now get treatment method and are living a around-ordinary lifespan if HIV is detected early.
Even although we have made a large amount of development, the struggle versus AIDS is not over. In accordance to the Facilities for Ailment Regulate and Prevention (CDC), there are still 50,000 new HIV situations in the United States every calendar year and over 12 per cent of people dwelling with HIV in the U.S. do not know they’re contaminated.
Asking yourself how you can support in the struggle versus AIDS?
To start with, converse about HIV/AIDS with your companion, mates and family. This will support increase normal recognition of the ailment. Second, get examined for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) if you are or have been sexually active. Community HIV tests clinics will generally offer free of charge services and valuable data. 3rd, make sure to always practice safer sex by employing condoms and dental dams through vaginal, oral or anal sex. This will support prevent the more unfold of STDs, together with HIV.
Ideally, if we are all informed of HIV and how it’s unfold, we will be ready to eliminate the virus and definitely reduce the quantity of new HIV bacterial infections to zero.
For far more data on Entire world AIDS Working day and how to prevent HIV/AIDS, verify out AIDS.gov.
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